THE SLUM CULTURE, HOPE FOR THE BARRIOS es un documental sobre los Barrios Informales de Caracas, Venezuela y las precarias condiciones que la gente vive cada día.
Del Director Carlos Beltran: » Cada semana me adentro en los barrios de Caracas, reuniendo historias y documentando la dura realidad de la gente que vive en estas áreas. El objetivo es de crear un documental de lo que sucede – socialmente hablando – dentro de los barrios con un enfoque en la juventud, la siguiente generación. La película estudia «por qué» «y como» 10, 15, 18 años son aspirados por el crimen y la violencia, que pasa cuando los capturan y luego pasan los próximos diez a quince años dentro de las peores prisiones en América Latina. Se enfoca en el siempre enfermizo sistema educativo y en la estructura familiar. Pero también, y más significativamente, habla de la Esperanza – el lado más brillante traído a los barrios por voluntarios, fundaciones privadas, organizaciones gubernamentales, todos en búsqueda de un mejor futuro.»
Para contribuir con el proyecto visite su pagina en kickstarter, Para mas información visite www.carlosimagina.com (disponible pronto). Un Articulo en español en un periódico de Filadefia. Visitelos en Facebook (fotografías, artículos y vídeos)
The SLUM CULTURE is a documentary about the Slums in Caracas, Venezuela and the precarious conditions people in these areas endure every day. The film focuses on the youth in the barrios, the reasons why children turn to violence and crime, and the search for Hope through better educational opportunities.
From the Director Carlos Beltran: «Every week I go deep into the slums of Caracas, gathering stories and documenting the harsh realities of people living in these areas. The goal is to create a video document of what goes on – socially speaking – inside of the slums and focus on the youth, the next generation. The film studies «why» and «how» 10, 15, 18 year olds are sucked in by crime and violence, what happens when they get caught and spend the next ten to fifteen years inside of some of the worst prisons in Latin America. It focuses on the always-ailing educational system and on the family structure. But it also, and most importantly, speaks of Hope – the brighter side brought to the slums by volunteers, private foundations, government organizations, all in the search for a better future.»
Adelantados con respecto a los arquitectos y urbanistas, fotógrafos contemporáneos, suramericanos pero también europeos demuestran con talento su interés hacia la Ciudad Informal, su arquitectura y sus habitantes. Como lo muestra esta selección del trabajo del suizo Nicolas Savary, y los brasileños André Cypriano y Tuca Vieira en sus fotografías en Venezuela y Brasil.
Tuca Vieira – Sao Paulo
André Cypriano – La Rocinha, Rio de Janeiro – An orphan Town
CIUDAD EVOLUTIVA lauréat au concours Future Minds Awards. Smart Urban Blog en Français
The project Ciudad Evolutiva was awarded at the Future Minds Awards in the parisian edition of Smart Urban Stage (Mercedes-Benz) Smart Urban Blog in English
Despues de haber recibido el premio del mejor proyecto de tesis CIUDAD EVOLUTIVA fue premiado en el concurso Future Minds Awards organizado por la marca de automóviles Smart perteneciente al grupo Mercedez-Benz.
El Smart Urban Stage bajo el lema de este año “Experimenta las ideas del mañana para tu Ciudad” es une evento y exposición que reúne diferentes curadores del mundo creativo para organizar un concurso de ideas entorno a la Ciudad del mañana. En la edicion de este año, Odile Decq, Sophie Pène, Diane Pernet, Stéphane Hugon y Armand Behar seleccionaron los doce proyectos de diseño, web y arquitectura que participan en el concurso que recompensara las ideas mas innovadoras.
El Proyecto estuvo expuesto (durante 3 semanas) en las orillas del Rio Sena en Paris, sede del evento después de ciudades como Berlin, Roma y Zurich en las que se desarrollo anteriormente el Smart Urban Stage.
El Proyecto fue defendido por la Directora de la Ecole Spéciale d’Architecture, Odile Decq (en el centro) Reunion del Jurado para la eleccion de los proyectos premiados en la sede del Urban Smart Stage en Paris.
La ceremonia fue presidida por Théa Hillereau Romanello, Escritora y Columnista de la revista de cultura contemporanea Drome Magazine (fotografia arriba) y por el director de mercadeo de Mercedez-Benz y Smart Francia Stephane Berthier
Video del proyecto expuesto en la sede el Smart Urban Stage en Paris
By SIMON ROMERO and MARÍA EUGENIA DÍAZ
Published: February 28, 2011.
CARACAS, Venezuela — Architects still call the 45-story skyscraper the Tower of David, after David Brillembourg, the brash financier who built it in the 1990s. The helicopter landing pad on its roof remains intact, a reminder of the airborne limousines that were once supposed to drop bankers off for work.
A woman looks out of a crudely constructed cinder block balcony on an upper floor of the “Tower of David.” Squatters live in the bottom 28 floors of the 45-story, uncompleted skyscraper, located in downtown Caracas.
The office tower, one of Latin America’s tallest skyscrapers, was meant to be an emblem of Venezuela’s entrepreneurial mettle. But that era is gone. Now, with more than 2,500 squatters making it their home, the building symbolizes something else entirely in this city’s center.
The squatters live in the uncompleted high-rise, which lacks several basic amenities like an elevator. The smell of untreated sewage permeates the corridors. Children scale unlit stairways guided by the glow of cellphones. Some recent arrivals sleep in tents and hammocks.
The skyscraper, surrounded by billboards and murals proclaiming the advance of President Hugo Chávez’s“Bolivarian revolution,” is a symbol of the financial crisis that struck the country in the 1990s, the expanded state control over the economy that came after Mr. Chávez took office in 1999 and the housing shortage that has worsened since then, leading to widespread squatter takeovers in this city.
Few of the building’s terraces have guardrails. Even walls and windows are absent on many floors. Yet dozens of DirecTV satellite dishes dot the balconies. The tower commands some of the most stunning views of Caracas. It contains some of its worst squalor.
“I never let my child out of my sight,” said Yeaida Sosa, 29, who lives with her 1-year-old daughter, Dahasi, on the seventh floor overlooking a bustling artery, Avenida Andrés Bello. Ms. Sosa said residents were horrified after a young girl recently fell to her death from a high floor.
Some families have walled off their terraces with cinder blocks, blotting out the sun to avoid such tragedies. Others, aware of the risks, prefer to let in the breeze flowing off El Ávila, the emerald green mountain looming over Caracas. “God decides when we enter his kingdom,” said Enrique Zambrano, 22, an electrician who lives on the 19th floor.
Mr. Zambrano, like many of the other squatters in the skyscraper, says he is an evangelical Christian. Their pastor is Alexander Daza, 33, a former gang member who found religion in prison. Mr. Daza, commonly known as El Niño, or The Kid, led the occupation of the Tower of David in October 2007.
Back then, the building had already been vacant for more than a decade. Its developer, Mr. Brillembourg, a dashing horse breeder, died of cancer at age 56 in 1993, leaving behind hobbled companies. The government absorbed their assets, including the unfinished skyscraper, during a 1994 banking crisis.
Robert Neuwirth of New York, the author of “Shadow Cities,” a book about squatter settlements on four continents, said the Tower of David may be the world’s highest squatter building.
Once one of Latin America’s most developed cities, Caracas now grapples with an acute housing shortage of about 400,000 units, breeding building invasions. In the area around the Tower of David, squatters have occupied 20 other properties, including the Viasa and Radio Continente towers. White elephants occupying the cityscape, like the Sambil shopping mall close to the Tower of David and seized by the government, now house flood victims.
Private construction of housing here has virtually ground to a halt because of fears of government expropriation. The government, hobbled by inefficiency, has built little housing of its own for the poor. The policies toward squatters are also unclear and in flux, effectively allowing many to stay in once empty properties.
On occasion, Mr. Chávez has called for squatters to be dislodged. But in January, heurged the poor to occupy unused land in well-heeled parts of Caracas. Then he qualified these remarks by asking them to have “patience” as officials tried to build low-income housing.
Many here refuse to wait. The Tower of David stands as a parable of hope for some and of dread for others.
“That building is a symbol of Venezuela’s decline,” said Benedicto Vera, 55, an activist in downtown Caracas. “What’s our future if our people are living like animals in unsafe skyscrapers?”
Yet squatters, who live on 28 stories and plan to go higher, have created a semblance of order within the skyscraper they now call their own. Sentries with walkie-talkies guard entrances. Each inhabited floor has electricity, jury-rigged to the grid, and water is transported up from the ground floor.
or has electricity, jury-rigged to the grid, and water is transported up from the ground floor.
Strivers abound in the skyscraper. They chafe at being called “invaders,” the term here for squatters, preferring the less contentious word “neighbor.” A beauty salon operates on one floor. On another, an unlicensed dentist applies the brightly colored braces that are the rage in Caracas street fashion. Almost every floor has a small bodega.
Julieth Tilano, 26, lives inside a small shop on the seventh floor with her husband and in-laws. They sell everything from plantains to Pepsi and Belmont cigarettes. Her husband, Humberto Hidalgo, 23, has a side business in which he charges children from the skyscraper 50 cents per half-hour to play PlayStation games on the four television sets in the family’s living room.
“There’s opportunity in this tower,” said Mr. Hidalgo, who immigrated here last year from Valledupar, Colombia.
Some residents own cars parked in the building’s garage. Others sanguinely point to their trim physiques, a result of going up and down the stairs each day. For others, any roof over one’s head is better than none.
That is the view of Jordon Moore, 37, a squatter on the seventh floor whom everyone simply calls “the American.” Mr. Moore, who speaks English with a hint of the West Indies, regales visitors with tales of the “gang life” in Brooklyn, where he says he lived for years, and of an attempt to break into the Venezuelan hip-hop scene that went awry.
“I ended up living on the street in this city, and this is better than the street,” he said.
A neighbor, José Hernández, 30, agreed. Still, he said he wanted to leave the skyscraper one day. For now, he sleeps with his wife and daughter in one bed under mosquito netting, protection from dengue fever.
In his apartment, once meant to be a banker’s corner office, he showed the view, which included a mosque’s minaret and, in the distance, Petare, the patchwork of hillside slums where he grew up. Now Mr. Hernández dons a tie and jacket each day and goes to work at, of all places, a bank.
“They call me an invader and I work in the credit department of Banco de Venezuela,” said Mr. Hernández, referring to the state-owned institution that he says employs him. “Society hates us, and the government doesn’t know what to do with us. Do they really think we want to be living in the Tower of David?”
Photography by Meridith Kohut for The New York Times. A version of this article appeared in print on March 1, 2011, on page A6 of the New York edition.
Urban governance: state of play. International conference initiated by the Ecole Spéciale d’Architecture and organized by the postgraduate program in urban planning : Urban Mutations 26th November 2010
Au cœur du questionnement sur le devenir des villes se pose la question de la gouvernance et de la politique de la ville. Politique publique, politique locale, décentralisation des pouvoirs, émergence de nouveaux acteurs privés, participation de la société civile, enjeux économiques, dispositifs réglementaires et modes de régulation sont parmi les éléments qui permettront de faire un état des lieux de la gouvernance urbaine.
Hyun Chan BAHK, Seoul Development Institute
Charles GOLDBLUM,Paris 8, Institut Français d’Urbanisme
Jacques HAYWARD, Véolia Environnement
Claude de MIRAS, Institut de recherche pour le développement (IRD), Paris
Patrice NOISETTE, ESSEC Business School
Annik OSMONT, Groupe d’Economie Mondiale (GEMDEV)
Vincent RENARD, CNRS (Laboratoire d’économétrie de l’Ecole Polytechnique) Iddri-Sciences Po, programme Fabrique urbaine.